Nature

Biological control: a sustainable method for controlling plant diseases

Biological control is the use of living organisms to maintain pest populations below damaging levels. Biocontrol agents include a wide variety of life forms, including vertebrates, invertebrates, fungi, and microorganisms. These beneficial species are common in most natural communities and, although their presence is often unnoticed, they help maintain the “balance of nature” by regulating …

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Birdwatching at Serra da Estrela Natural Reserve

Last weekend, on 20 and 21 February, took place the workshop on wintering birds at the Serra da Estrela Natural Park (Portugal). The training course was organized by CISE and CERVAS/ALDEIA associations. The event was presented by José Conde (CISE), Ricardo Brandão (CERVAS), and Antonio Luís (Aveiro University), at the Centro de Interpretação da Serra …

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Quartz. The most versatile and known mineral on Earth

More than 4.000 naturally occurring minerals (inorganic solids that have a characteristic chemical composition and specific crystal structure) have been found on Earth. They are formed of simple molecules or individual elements arranged in repeating chains, sheets, or three-dimensional arrays. Minerals are typically formed when molten rock, or magma, cools, or by separating out of …

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Discovering mushrooms at Master Unit. An incredible biodiversity

The term biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and the ecological and evolutionary processes that sustain it. Biodiversity includes not only species we consider rare, threatened, or endangered, but every living thing, even organisms we still know little about, such as microbes, fungi, and …

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